Glossary

Bolero

Varying in style (Spanish-3/4 time, Cuban-2/4 time and American-4/4 time), the Bolero is a very slow type of rumba rhythm performed to Spanish music with subtle percussion.

Cha Cha

Introduced in 1953 by Cuban composer Enrique Jorrín, the Cha-Cha is a syncopated, Latin dance. It's name derived from the 1-2-3-step pattern of the dancer's feet. It is danced to Cuban or Latin music.

East Coast Swing

A 6-count style of Lindy popular in the ballroom dance school organizations.

Foxtrot

Introduced on a New York stage in 1913, the foxtrot was an overnight sensation. It is the foundation of many of the social dances that followed, and is one of the easiest dances to learn in the American style.

Hustle

A Latin style of Lindy originally danced to the popular Disco music in the 1970s.

Merengue

The merengue is a two-step Latin dance that originated in the Dominican Republic. Partners dance in a closed position with the leader holding the follower's waist. Knees are bent slightly as the hips move left and right.

Rumba

Sultry and romantic, the rumba incorporates a mix of African and Latin rhythms. Often referred to as the “dance of love,” it’s characteristic feature is to take each step without initially placing the weight on that step.

 

Salsa

The spicy Salsa as we know it grew out of danzon, the national music of Cuba. It captured the imagination of American dancers during World War II, when exotic island culture was all the rage.

Samba

A lively Brazilian dance, the samba was adopted as a ballroom dance by Brazilian society in 1930. Unlike more stationary Latin dances, it involves traveling around the floor and features lots of spins.

Tango

The American style tango is a progressive dance that relies on utilization of the line of dance and precise body movement. The staccato movement of the feet and flexed knees highlight the dramatic style of the tango.

Viennese Waltz

The Viennese waltz is a fast waltz, which sends couples whirling around the dance floor first one way and then the other. In the mid- 20th century, the Viennese waltz has been featured in many Hollywood movies.

Waltz

Danced in 3/4 time, the waltz appeared as a fashionable dance in Austria, Bavaria and other parts of Europe in the 1700s. Its recurring, even beats and thrilling movement makes it another perennial favorite today.

West Coast Swing

A style of Swing emphasizing nimble footed rhythm breaks popular in the California night clubs in the 30s and 40s and voted the California state dance in 1989.

 

 


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